Zone of Proximal Development – For the Teachers

How Do Kids (and Adults!) Learn?

Zone of Proximal Development


The Idea:  Students learn best when they begin at their current point of understanding and are challenged, with support and guidance, just beyond what they are comfortable doing on their own. 

  • Based on the work of Russian psychologist Lev Vygotsky (1896-1934)

Referenced in the work of many current educational theorists and researchers.

The Zone of Proximal Development is another way of describing differentiation by readiness.

To be most effective, instruction should begin
at the student’s current level of understanding.


Zone of Proximal Development

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